History of Andrew Carnegie

History of Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries

The Life of Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
(1835 - 1919)

Portrait of Andrew Carnegie hanging over
fireplace in Andrew Carnegie Free Library, Carnegie, Pa.

Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries Photo Album

Brief Biographies of Andrew Carnegie:

Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4 *** Link 5

Gigler, Dan. "Dunfermline, Scotland: Birthplace of Carnegie and Forbes is Pittsburgh's soulmate."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2013 Nov. 23.

Longer Biographies of Andrew Carnegie:

* 2005 December - Winter Quarter - Reflections,
Quarterly Publication of the Mount Wilson Observatory Association
The Amazing Mister Carnegie By Marilyn Morgan

Good biography of Andrew Carnegie, with concentration on his scientific philanthropy, particularly related to the founding and development of the Carnegie Institution of Washington and Mount Wilson Observatory.

Link 2

Quotations of Andrew Carnegie:

Link 1

Andrew Carnegie: A Tribute

Andrew Carnegie and His Philanthropies

Facts and Documents Regarding Andrew Carnegie
from the Pennsylvania Department, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh

"The Richest Man in the World: Andrew Carnegie"
From the Web Site of The American Experience, Public Broadcasting Service(PBS)

Andrew Carnegie Birthplace Museum, Dunfermline, Scotland: Link 1 *** Link 2

Skibo Castle
Andrew Carnegie's large retreat in northern Scotland

July 18, 1997 Re-creation of 1902 Stage Curtain, including painting of Skibo Castle,
personally donated by Andrew Carnegie to the Music Hall of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library,
Carnegie, Pennsylvania, upon the dedication of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library: April 22, 1902.

Deconstructing the Philanthropic Library:
The Sociological Reasons Behind Andrew Carnegie's Millions to Libraries

by Michael Lorenzen, Librarian
Michigan State University
(C) 2002


Businesses of Andrew Carnegie

History of USX Corporation
Successor to the United States Steel Corporation, the first business enterprise in history with an authorized capitalization over one billion dollars[$1.4 billion], created when Andrew Carnegie sold the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited, for more than $400 million, to New York City banker J.P. Morgan. Legal incorporation of the United State Steel Corporation occurred on February 25, 1901; business officially started on April 1, 1901. Due to the immense, unprecedented size of this new corporation, financiers on Wall Street gave it the nickname, "The Corporation"!

Centennial of USX Corporation and United States Steel

News Release from USX Corporation: 2001 February 27:
USX Corporation Celebrates Centennial; The World's First Billion Dollar Company

From the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Pittsburgh, Pa. - 2001 February 25
Steel Standing: U.S. Steel celebrates 100 years, by Len Boselovic

News Release from USX Corporation: 2001 April 24:
USX Announces Plan of Reorganization

From the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, Pittsburgh, Pa. - 2001 April 25
U.S. Steel on its own, by William Opalka

News story, from the top of the front page, regarding the annual meeting of the USX Corporation, in Columbus, Ohio, regarding the corporation's decision to split the two operating groups into separate companies, by the end of the year: U.S. Steel Group will reclaim its historic name, United States Steel Corporation, and continue to be based in Pittsburgh; Marathon Group will go back to their original name, Marathon Oil Company, to be based in Houston as the Marathon Group is today [Marathon Group moved to Houston, from their original headquarters in Findlay, Ohio, in 1990.].

Mon Valley Works of the U.S. Steel Group of USX Corporation

Includes Andrew Carnegie's first steel mill, the Edgar Thomson Works [named, by Andrew Carnegie, after the President of the Pennsylvania Railroad at that time] in Braddock, Pennsylvania, which still operates today.

From the Pittsburgh City Paper, Pittsburgh - 2005 May 26:
Weekly Column - "You Had to Ask !"
I grew up near U.S. Steelís Edgar Thomson plant. Who was Edgar Thomson?
Question submitted by: Sue Kerr, West Mifflin
Writer: CHRIS POTTER

From the Pittsburgh City Paper, Pittsburgh - 2001 May 23:
You Had to Ask:
How is it that the Frick Building survives but the Carnegie Building is no longer around?
By Chris Potter

From the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Pittsburgh - 2001 July 3:
USX a holding company

Pullman Palace Car Company

From The Daily News, McKeesport, Pa. - 2001 August 27:
Carnegie a Key Player in Railroad Industry by Matt Sullivan

From The Daily News, McKeesport, Pa. - 2001 August 29:
Union(RR) Survives Beyond Steel Past by Patrick Cloonan

Andrew Carnegie created the Union Railroad in 1894, "...to prevent any single railroad from having a monopoly on the traffic moving in and out of his steel plants," according to Richard C. Borkowski, Jr. in his just-published book, Union Railroad.


Homestead Steel Works Strike of 1892

Strike and Lock-out at the Homestead Steel Works
of the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited

Landing Site of Pinkerton Guards

Links to Descriptions of the Homestead Steel Works Strike --

Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4 *** Link 5

Assassination Attempt on the Life of
Carnegie Steel Company Chairman Henry Clay Frick

Biography of Emma Goldman
One of the two who conspired to assassinate Henry Clay Frick


Associates of Andrew Carnegie

Thomas M. Carnegie, brother of Andrew Carnegie and business partner in original Carnegie Brothers and Company.

Henry Clay Frick, Industrialist, Art Patron, and Philanthropist
Business Associate of Andrew Carnegie; later Chairman of the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited(during the 1890s)

Particularly known for role in 1892 labor strike at the Homestead Works of the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited;
also survived assassination attempt by an anarchist, in the same time period. Click here to read news articles about the dispute
regarding possible relocation of the Frick Family Archives.

Charles Schwab, President of Carnegie Steel Company

* 2007 Aug. 4 - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette:
Bruce Dixon has poured years into Schwab home in North Braddock
By Marylynne Pitz
Charles Schwab, former employee of Andrew Carnegie, became President of U.S. Steel

Henry Phipps, Industrialist and Philanthropist
Associate of Andrew Carnegie in the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited

From the Pittsburgh City Paper, Pittsburgh - 2005 May 26:
Weekly Column - "You Had to Ask !"
I grew up near U.S. Steelís Edgar Thomson plant. Who was Edgar Thomson?
Question submitted by: Sue Kerr, West Mifflin
Writer: CHRIS POTTER

* Napsha, Joe. "Andrew Mellon inspired industrial empires."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 March 24.
More on Andrew W. Mellon

John Pierpont Morgan, New York Banker, Financier, and Philanthropist

From the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Pittsburgh - 1999 September 19:
Books - 'Morgan' by Jean Strouse
J. Pierpont Morgan biography is right on the money

By Donald Miller, Post-Gazette Senior Editor

F. T. F. Lovejoy, with the creation of the United States Steel Corporation.

History of Astronomer, Educator, and Optician John A. Brashear
Friend of Andrew Carnegie

Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)

Andrew Carnegie on John Muir


Addresses, Articles, and Books Authored by Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie and Communication

Excerpt from "The Gospel of Wealth" by Andrew Carnegie

Excerpt from Address in Edinburgh, Scotland on Surplus Wealth

"Distant Possessions: The Parting of the Ways"
From The Gospel of Wealth

Book: James Watt


Internet Bibliographies on Andrew Carnegie

Britannica.com

Looksmart.com

Encyclopedia.com

Archives of the Carnegie Corporation of New York
Located at Columbia University, New York City


Newspaper and Magazine Articles About Andrew Carnegie

Cobblestone Magazine logo In Cobblestone Magazine, April, 1999: The History of Andrew Carnegie
Cobblestone Student Activities on Life of Andrew Carnegie
News Release - April 12, 1999:
National Magazine Highlights Andrew Carnegie and Pittsburgh

From the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review - April 9, 2000
"Andrew Carnegie was so much more than a businessman"


Other Links Regarding Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie: The Law of Competition

Andrew Carnegie: A Scottish Immigrant's View of the Corporation

Remembering Andrew Carnegie

Ramblings about Andrew Carnegie (and a few diversions)


Andrew Carnegie's Coat of Arms

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Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries Photo Album

History of Astronomer, Educator, and Optician John A. Brashear
Friend of Andrew Carnegie

History of The Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh
Historic Cable Car Railway Serving Commuters and Tourists since 1877 !

History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
America's Fifth Major Planetarium(1939)

History of The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago
America's First Major Planetarium(1930)

Other History Links

Return to Cover Page of History of Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries



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Last modified : Monday, 16-Dec-2013 20:32:53 EST.